MV Hospital

Welcome to M.V Hospital for Diabetes, established by late Prof. M.Viswanathan, Doyen of Diabetology in India in 1954 as a general hospital. In 1971 it became a hospital exclusively for Diabetes care. It has, at present,100 beds for the treatment of diabetes and its complications.

Thursday, June 18, 2015

USE A DASH OF SALT

Mrs. Sheela Paul,  
Dietitian, MVH

Salt is used to preserve food and to enhance its taste. There are many different types of salt. Cooking salt or table salt is a combination of the minerals sodium and chloride.  A gram of salt contains 400 mg sodium and 600 mg chloride. Sodium is both an electrolyte and mineral. It helps keep the water and electrolyte balance of the body. Sodium is also important for nerves and muscles to function well. The blood and lymph stream have most of the sodium in the body.

Most foods contain sodium naturally or added during cooking. The common food sources of sodium are table salt, baking soda, animal products (meat, milk and eggs) and preserves (pickles) & processed foods. Many medicines and other products also have sodium in them.

Sodium levels in the body are partly controlled by a hormone called aldosterone that tells the kidneys when to hold sodium in the body instead of passing it in the urine. Small amounts of sodium are also lost through the skin when you sweat.

Most people consume a lot of salt, much more than what is required by the body. This could be because they add a lot of salt to their food to enhance the taste or because they consume a lot of processed and instant foods.

Why we need to reduce the salt in our diet. 

A diet high in salt increases your chances of developing many health problems. Too much sodium in your system affects blood pressure levels and increases your risk of heart disease. 

People who are over 51 years old or have high blood pressure, diabetes or chronic  kidney disease,  should consume less salt  to reduce sodium intake.

The estimated safe and adequate daily dietary intake is 500mg-3000mg.  The minimum sodium intake is 500mg/day for healthy persons over 10 years. Sodium requirements vary with its losses through urine, faeces and sweat.  

Sodium intake has to be changed in certain disease conditions like renal disorders or cardiac failure to maintain water balance and prevent fluid over load and reduce hypertension. 

Diabetic mellitus
Patients with Diabetes should be encouraged to reduce their salt intake to 6 gm/day  
Hypertension
To prevent or treat hypertension, salt intake has to be regulated. For mild to moderate hypertension in people with diabetes, 6 gm/day of salt is recommended.                 

Ways to reduce sodium in the diet: 
Make the changes gradually so that your body gets time to adjust to lower sodium levels.

Make your plate colourful. 

Add 1- 2 cooked vegetables and a salad to your main meals. Fruits and vegetables provide minimal amounts of sodium. Fresh whole fruits, including pears, mangoes and apples, each provide fewer than 10 milligrams of salt, or 4 milligrams of sodium. You can also fill your plate with tomatoes, spinach, salad greens and carrots. These vegetables provide fewer than 100 milligrams of salt, or 40 milligrams of sodium, per serving. 

Eat Fresh

Avoid canned fruits and vegetables as much as possible. Eat less of chips, papads and pickles and be cautious of sauces and chutneys and peanut butter. They often have high sugar and salt content, which are used to preserve produce during bottling or canning.

Prepare your own paneer, sauces and salad dressings instead of buying them.

Cook Creatively








Using herbs, garlic, ginger, chilli, and lemon juice for flavour can help reduce the quantity of salt in cooking.

Have a Healthy Eating Plan   
Add an extra serving of vegetable cooked with no salt  at lunch and dinner and eat a fruit daily. Have more of fat- free and low – fat milk.



Be Aware of the Cooking Process   
Whole grains are naturally low in salt, but this can increase drastically due to cooking processes. For example a cup of brown rice cooked in water has 25 milligrams of salt, or 10 milligrams of sodium. However cooking this in chicken stock can double or triple the sodium content. 

A cup of popcorn has 3 grams of salt, or 1 gram of sodium, but the added butter and salt on the popped snack increases the salt content quite a lot. 

A slice of 100% whole-grain bread can have as much as 330 milligrams of salt, or 130 milligrams of sodium because of the added salt. 














A bowl of high fibre cereal with low-fat milk and fruit is a healthy way to start the day. However, check the package for sodium content too or your healthy meal could turn out to have high sodium. To avoid sodium in cereal, look for shredded wheat brands and plain oatmeal.








Salads provide the health benefits of greens and veggies. Also, a salad with dinner is filling. But be careful of the dressing which could be a source of high sodium in your diet.









Use Lean Meats and Seafood   
     

Lean meats and seafood are naturally low in salt. Skinless chicken, salmon and shellfish each provide less than 100 milligrams of sodium per 100g.  This amount is under 240 milligrams of salt. But be careful of the other ingredients added during cooking which might raise the sodium level.

Check Labels Carefully  








What’s on a food label? We can get a lot of information such as date marking, product name, net weight, ingredient list, nutrition information, usage instructions and manufacturer’s details. Many people check food labels for calories, fibre, and sugar and rarely look at the sodium content. Multiply sodium level by 2.5 to calculate the salt content.

Thursday, June 11, 2015

Live Well with Type 2 Diabetes

If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, you will have to make many changes to your current lifestyle which in the first place, possibly contributed to your condition.  To make the transition from unhealthy to healthy easier, we suggest the following actions:
  • Learn about diabetes and understand your condition.

 


You will be able to manage your condition better if you are well-informed. This will also help you to be prepared with questions or concerns about diabetes that you want to ask your doctor. Listing them before the appointment will help you.

  • Accept your feelings.  
Diabetes brings with it negative feelings such as fear and guilt and worry about what to eat or drink. When you see a sweet food do you get negative feelings about it? Then acknowledge the negative feeling and stay away from the food. Do not ignore the feeling and indulge. It can raise your blood glucose level .Worrying about what to eat can also be stressful. Stress does not help you maintain healthy blood glucose levels.
  • Maintain a balanced point of view. Don't allow diabetes to control you,
control the disease instead. Continue to do the same healthy things you enjoy while cutting out the unhealthy ones.

HEALTHY…


















NOT HEALTHY…

  • Be practical. 
Begin with small goals that you can meet easily when making healthy changes to your lifestyle because you are sure to break rigid ones.









  • Be creative.  
While making changes to your lifestyle, try out new recipes, different types of foods or activities.


  •  Develop a strong support network.   

Tell your family and friends about how they can help you. A strong support system helps you to stick to your regimen and maintain healthier blood sugar levels. Join a diabetes support group or create one. You can exchange notes with other people with diabetes.

Wednesday, May 27, 2015

Stress & Health

When does stress begin to affect health?



Life without stress can become quite monotonous. A little bit of stress is good. It usually encourages people to do better.

Stress is the ‘brain’s response to any demand’. It quickly releases hormones that make people find ways to protect themselves. The ability to cope with stress varies from person to person.

Too much stress can result in lack of sleep, headache, anxiety, depression and at times may affect one’s health.

                                                                            
 

The Heart:-
One study found that stress could increase heart attack risk by 23%.

After a stressful day at work some people tend to relax by drinking alcohol, or smoking, or gorging on food and this can result in adding weight. These activities can also contribute to heart problems by raising blood pressure and causing damage to the walls of the arteries.

Stress may also reduce blood flow to the heart, especially for women. Studies show that intense anger or anxiety may raise heart attack risk by more than nine times.

Diabetes:-
Stress increases the risk of diabetes. During times of stress the body increases the production of the hormone cortisol, which can increase the amount of glucose in the blood.  

 Stress can affect people with diabetes by poor management of the condition. They may drink more alcohol or exercise less. They may forget, or not have time, to check their glucose levels or eat well planned meals at the proper time.

Studies suggest that stress may contribute to the development of Alzheimer's disease.

Fertility:-
Stress can result in couples having problems getting pregnant or continuing a pregnancy. In men, stress could trigger the release of some steroid hormones that affect the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. This could lower testosterone levels and sperm production in men hence making them infertile.

How can people protect themselves against stress-induced health problems?










The best way to reduce the risk of stress-related health problems is to tackle the stress itself.
  1. Recognize the symptoms of stress. They could be sleeplessness, exhaustion, eating too much or too little and feelings of depression, anger or irritability, excessive smoking or drinking or even taking drugs.
  2. Talk to and get support from friends and family. If they cannot help you,  get professional help from a counsellor or psychiatrist.
  3. Move about. Exercise to relieve stress.  Physical activity and exercise increase production of the ‘feel good’ endorphins in the brain. Exercise helps with symptoms of depression, as well as improves sleep quality.
Some other ways to help deal with stress:
  1. Be positive: Instead of saying "I can't do this," say "I'll do the best I can." Negative self-talk increases stress.
  2. Use quick stress stoppers: If you start to feel stressed, count to 10 before you talk,  or take a few deep breaths or go for a walk.
  3. Do something you enjoy: Engaging in activities you enjoy is a great way to hold back stress. Take up a hobby, watch a movie or have a meal with friends.
  4. Daily relaxation: Use relaxation techniques such as meditation, yoga and tai chi. They can reduce stress levels.

Tuesday, May 19, 2015

Have Diabetes? Stay Active

Being active increases the amount of glucose that your muscles can use for energy. This results in lowering the level of glucose in the blood. Increasing physical activity can improve control of blood glucose by allowing the body to use insulin or oral medication more effectively. Over a period of time it may help you to reduce your medication.

Regular physical activity helps a person to maintain a healthy weight which is very important for  diabetes control. Activities can be labelled according to their levels of intensity. So, there are moderate activities , vigorous activities as well as muscle strengthening activities.

Activities to strengthen muscles

Lift weights using plastic bottles or cans as weights. Gardening activities such as shovelling  and digging can tone and strengthen the muscles. Use resistance bands. Work out with push ups  and sit ups where you use your body weight  for resistance. Carry or move heavy loads such as furniture or groceries. Practice yoga asanas.

 

 Moderate intensity aerobic activities

Activities such as brisk walking, cycling on level ground, hiking, mowing the lawn or volley ball make the heart beat faster and increase the heart rate. You breathe faster and you can talk but not sing words to a song.

 

Vigorous intensity aerobic activity  

Running , swimming ,skipping, martial arts, fast  cycling,  tennis , volley ball and football  make you breathe hard and fast, increase  the heart rate and you can speak  only a few words without taking a breath.

 

Exercise every day. 

Vary your activities so that your routine does not become monotonous.
  • A minimum of two and a half hours of moderate aerobic activity in a week along with muscle strengthening activities that target  all muscle groups  for at least  2 days in  a week .
  • a minimum of one and a quarter hours of vigorous intensity aerobic activities in a week  along with  muscle strengthening  for at least 2 days a week.
  • A mix of moderate and vigorous aerobic activities Plus muscle strengthening at least 2 days a week.

Tip of the Week

Tip of the Week
Choose the right shoe and socks